Statutory requirements for the teaching and learning of science in Key Stages 1 and 2 

The National Curriculum in England Key Stages 1 and 2 Framework Document (2013) and in the Understanding the World (Specific Area) sections of the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage (2014) set out the requirements for teaching Science in the primary age range.

At Sauncey Wood we believe that it is vital to foster an enquiring mind and to promote a sense of wonder, in order to encourage the children we teach to ask questions and seek answers by working scientifically.


Primary Science Supplement May/June 2014 outlines the importance of working scientifically, stating: ‘It is the lifeblood of each and every area of subject matter and is what gives life and sustenance to learning new knowledge and developing understanding. It will be the driving force of science learning, teaching [and] assessment.’ 


In order to achieve this, development of knowledge skills should go hand-in-hand.

In the Early Years (Nursery and Reception) children are given opportunities to:

  • become immersed in an environment rich in opportunities to explore how the world works

  • encounter creatures, people, plants and objects in their natural environments and in real life situations

  • learn to use a range of tools safely

  • undertake practical ‘experiments’

  • work with a range of materials

At Key Stage One (Years 1 and 2) pupils observe, explore and ask questions about living things, materials and physical processes. They begin to work together to collect evidence to help them answer questions and to link this to simple scientific ideas. They begin to evaluate evidence and consider whether tests or comparisons are fair. They use reference materials to find out more about scientific ideas. They share ideas and communicate them using scientific language, drawings, charts and tables with the help of ICT if it is appropriate.

Sauncey Wood Primary School

Pickford Hill

Harpenden, Hertfordshire


01582 621514