Jargon buster

Glossary of common education and related terminology.


Academies - Academies are independent state-funded schools. These schools have more freedom over their finances, the curriculum they teach and teachers’ pay and conditions. These schools are funded directly by central government rather than by the local authority. Some academies are sponsored and these sponsors can come from a range of backgrounds (businesses, other successful schools, universities, charities and faith bodies). Sponsors are held accountable for improving the performance of their schools.


AfL - Assessment for Learning - From September 2009, all UK schools were expected to implement an assessment for learning program. Day-to-day assessments would include effective questioning; observations of children during teaching and while they are working; holding discussions with children; analysing work and reporting to children; conducting tests and giving quick feedback.


AIO - Attendance improvement Officer - Person employed by the Local Authority to help parents and the LA meet their statutory obligations in relation to school attendance. 


APP - Assessing Pupils' Progress - APP is a structured approach to periodically assessing maths, science, reading, writing and speaking and listening skills.


DfE - The Department for Education - They responsible for education and children's services in England.


EAL - English as an Additional Language - Refers to children whose first language(s) is/are not English and who may not yet be speaking English fluently or even at all. 


EBD - Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties


EHCP - Educational Health Care plan - A legal document which sets out a description of your child's needs and what needs to be done to meet those needs.


ESOL - English for Speakers of Other Languages or English as a Second or Other Language - If English is not your main language you can take part in a course to help you improve your English. These courses are called ESOL.


EYFS - Early Years Foundation Stage - A framework for care and education of children from birth to five years of age.


FSM - Free School Meals


G & T - Gifted and Talented



HLTA - Higher Level Teaching Assistant


ICT - Information and Communication Technology


INCO - Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator


INSET - In-Service Education and Training - Training for teachers which takes place during the school year.


ITT - Initial Teacher Training


KS1 - Key Stage 1 - 5-7 years old


KS2 - Key Stage 2 - 7-11 years old


LA - Local Authority


MFL - Modern Foreign Languages


MLD - Moderate Learning Difficulties


NQT - Newly Qualified Teacher


Ofsted - The Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills is an independent organisation, which reports directly to Parliament. Ofsted inspects and regulates services, which care for children and young people and those providing education and skills for learners of all ages. Ofsted sets out to raise standards in British schools through regular inspections.


PE - Physical Education


PPA - Planning, Preparation and Assessment Time


PSHE - Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education


QTS - Qualified Teacher Status


RE - Religious Education


SATs - Standard Attainment Tests/Tasks - National Curriculum Tests and Tasks which take place at the end of Key Stage 1 and at the end of Key Stage 2.


SEN - Special Educational Needs Provision - Support for pupils with learning difficulties.


SLD - Severe Learning Difficulties


SPLD - Speech and Language difficulties


SLT - Senior Leadership Team


SMSC- Spiritual, moral, social and cultural development


TA- Teaching Assistant


Sauncey Wood Primary School

Pickford Hill

Harpenden, Hertfordshire


01582 621514